My Six on Saturday ~ Peonies

May is peony month in many parts of the country, and Central Washington state is no exception. Early farmers’ markets* feature tin buckets filled with long stems of those luscious peony blooms near Mother’s Day and again Memorial Day. My “Crepe Paper” whites have been blooming all this past week and will remain prolific for a while longer. In my entry garden, buds the size of Key Limes began cracking open yesterday, revealing a deep rose contrasting — or clashing? — against lavender blue rhododendrons in the next bed under the front windows. “Sarah Bernhardt” will come along a bit later.

Popular horticulturalist P. Allen Smith in Arkansas has posted six points for growing successful peonies:

  1. They don’t like to be disturbed. So plant them in a good place and leave them. So what’s a good place you might asking. Well, full sun or a spot with at least six hours of sunlight. I prefer morning light over hot afternoon. They need good average soil that drains well. Peonies do not like ‘wet feet’, so plant in well-draining soil or else the tubers will surely rot. And don’t scrimp on adding good amendments to the soil, like plenty of humus and well-rotted manure (Yeah, manure. Go make a friend with a farmer).
  2. Let’s face it, these flowers are extremely ephemeral, like most beauty. So plant multiple varieties that bloom early, mid and late in the season. This will extend the blooming season and your joy. And stop complaining about how the flowers don’t last long! Enjoy the moment and be content. Years ago a customer came into our nursery and wanted a landscape that was evergreen, bloomed all year and was low maintenance. I suggested they move to another hemisphere, perhaps near the equator or take up residency on another planet.
    ‘Krinkled White’ Peony
  3. Buy nice tubers (as I said, ours all came from Gilbert H Wild and Son) with 4 to 5 eyes and take your time planting them.
    Don’t skimp on size, or if you do, don’t complain if they don’t bloom the first year. And, don’t plant the tubers too deep. The eyes are red and needn’t be too deep underground. In the North, deeper planting is advised, but here in the South, I’ve only covered the eyes with about 1/2 inch of soil with great success.

    Peony tuber from Gilbert H. Wild


  4. Choose varieties suited to your climate. Peonies, by their very nature, prefer a cold winter. So if you live in Minnesota you probably grow amazing Peonies, but not so much in Texas. Sorry, it’s just a fact of life. Look at it this way, you don’t see fields of Texas bluebonnets in St. Paul, Minneapolis, right? So, it’s a trade off, like so much of life. I will say, however, I’ve found that the early bloomers perform the best in my zone 8a garden. Old standbys like ‘Festiva Maxima,’ ‘Sarah Bernhardt,’ as well as ‘Coral Charm,’ ‘Coral Sunset ‘ and many other single bloom types.
    ‘Sarah Bernhardt’ Peony


  5. Once they have bloomed I remove the seed heads. There’s no reason for the plant to continue to put energy into seed production when I’d rather it pour its resources into making larger tubers, which means… you guessed, it will have larger and more abundant blooms next year.
  6. And, another tip… for the first couple of years refrain from cutting the blooms from the plants with extra long stems (Yes, tempting, I know.) The plants with extra long stems and plenty of foliage left intact are your friends, so don’t get greedy the first few years. You see, these remaining stems and leaves are the workhorses of the plant and continue to help build larger stronger future tubers and thereby more plentiful blooms in seasons to come. Later, once the clumps are established you can cut blooms with long luxurious stems.

P. Allen Smith Garden Home
1722 S. Broadway
Little Rock, AR 72206

* Will there be any public farmers’ markets allowed this year? We shall see, shan’t we?



Celebrating just over fifty years of holy matrimony, I am blessed to be a mother of two and grandmother of seven. Much of my writing speaks to the culture and tradition of the Deep South, where I spent the first thirty-five years of my life before relocating to the Pacific Northwest. As a poet and essayist, I’ve published both online and in print media. I launched this INVITATION TO THE GARDEN blog the summer of 2017 on I look forward to hearing your stories, too!

8 thoughts on “My Six on Saturday ~ Peonies”

  1. Thanks for all the tips. Your garden is beautiful. I love the crinkles on the flowers. They almost don’t look real. So big and beautiful. Have a blessed weekend my friend. Love and hugs Joni 🌸🌺

    Liked by 1 person

  2. I love peonies, but mine are only up about 8 inches – we had snow flurries yesterday, and a freeze overnight. I’ve never seen such a cold Mother’s Day. Usually the lilacs are out by now.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. The peonies, that do really well for me, were given to me by a friend and they came from her Grandmother’s garden! They are the really old-fashioned big open bloomers. The one peony I did buy, cost me a bloody fortune, and bloomed for the first time this year. It’s in the third year. I haven’t been to the garden center at all yet, because it has been pre-order and then drive through to pick up. I have to walk down every path and look at everything to really get my money’s worth at the garden center …….That is all the fun


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